The Atlantean Empire (12b,18)
by Karl Juergen Hepke
Already in 1776 Jacob Bryant published an encyclopedia of six volumes with the title:"Analysis of Ancient Mythology". In it he diverted the Trojanians from the Meropians, which he characterized as a proud nation of great imagination and called themselves the descendants of the "earthbounded giants". The Meropians were also called the "Atlanteans"- the presumed descendants of Atlas.
To Bryant , these Meropians-Atlanteans settled also in
the West as in the East." From that we notice, that either we do
scientific research in
Following the Bible (Jesaja 23) the ships of Tharsis,
their capital-town, went to
Together with results of excavations from Greece (Mykene, Tyrins), Ugarit and Crete, naming only the most important, this is also an information about the maritime supremacy in the eastern Mediterranean.
As metals were won and crafted since nearly 3500 B.C.: Copper, tin, bronze, zinc, iron, gold, silver and today not farther used alloys as electron and an alloy from copper and white metals, which was called "mountain-ore", was very anticorrosive and "shined in the sun as fire".
The culture was initially founded as "Atlantis I" at the edges and the islands of the old Atlantic before 10000 B.C. and moved after the impact of an asteroid, with following moving of the poles and by a change of climate caused rising of the sea level, to a country in which all these metals were available or easily obtainable at sea routes.
was the Iberian peninsula, its capital town was named Tharsis and was situated in
Andalusia 10 km from the sea on a hill in a plain. Iberia offered at that time
best conditions for the foundation of a culture like that.
It was practically an island at the edge of the Mediterranean area and formed a bridge between Africa and Europe. The sea trade between both areas was made by the sea ways round Iberia. To an observer of the earth with the view of an astronaut is this excellent quality of Iberia immediately visible. It is unique on earth.
Thanks of its geological structure, Iberia has well protection by mountain ranges to the Mediterranean, the North of Europe and Africa. Additional protection was given by water or marshlands in these regions. So it is comparable to a castle surrounded by water or moats. It was only well contactable from the West on the water way. Here was situated the large, fertile and climatic convenient plain of Andalusia, only open to the South-West, facing the in the beginning still existing islands of the Atlantic and the warm winds with rain from the sea.
But especially important were the deposits of nearly all important metal-ores in Iberia. The big, easily workable deposits of copper were situated in the northern mountain ranges of Andalusia, at the Rio Tinto and the mining place of today, Tharsis. They are convenient connected with the plain and the sea by short water ways. Also tin, gold, silver, iron, lead were found in Iberia and could be transported at the water way to Tharsis. Tin, which was needed in big quantities for the production of bronze could be transported at the sea way from North-West Portugal and the South of Britannia, Cornwall.
In the South of the large plain of Andalusia offered nature a bay, protected by a spit of land with the mouth of a river and at it , in good distance from the sea, a hill for the foundation of a town . That behind the town was a mountain that protected it against the cold winds from North, supplied with good stones for buildings of houses and temples and had fountains for the water supply of the town, seems for men of today nearly too much of convenient meetings. But also Platon, before more than 2000 years, saw in it an extraordinary position, which could only exist with help of a god, Poseidon.
So here was founded the town, which is the oldest of the western world and was named "Tharsis" after its protecting god "Thar", who is "Poseidon" in Greek. Later on at Phoenician times it was called in Greek writings "Tartessos" and Platon, who had the knowledge of it from Egypt, named it by the Greek adaptation of the name , that was used in Egypt: "Atlantis". This Egypt name, which occurs in the correspondence of the kings of Egypt as "Alasija" means more the country than the town.
Itself was called in
the world of that early time only "the town" or "the port"
or "the market". And this name was used until now through all times.
Because what was newly built at Phoenician, Greek, Roman and Arabian times at
the mouth of the river, which is now called Guadalete, was named Puerto de
Menestheo, Amaria Alcanter and Santa Maria del Puerto, but occurs since it is
Spanish owned again in all writings with its very old name "The Port"
or in Spanish "El Puerto". For some time, when it was the main
harbour of the Spanish Armada, it was called "Puerto Real". In the
maps of today it is named "El Puerto de Santa Maria".
Here Columbus prepared his flag-ship the "Santa Maria" for the voyage across the Atlantic to America and here he shall have met the "anonymous seafarer", who told him his knowledge of the country far away in the West behind the ocean. This is even credible with the very old tradition of the port and its inhabitants.
Tharsis rose thanks of its convenient position and the knowledge of metal production and processing to the probably most signifying trading-place of the most important material for arms of that time, bronze. Without bronze there were no suitable arms and without that you were merciless delivered to enemies craving haul and power. The usual form of conduct of war was at that time, that the loser was killed till the last man, his property and sometimes also good looking women and girls were lead away and his towns and fields were totally devastated. This you can read in the Bible and in the "Ilias" of Homer. In the face of this situation it is understandable, that you could even at that time have dazzling business with the material for arms, bronze, indispensable for surviving.
The importance of Tharsis was due to its standing out position. In next proximity were situated the deposits of copper ore at the Rio Tinto, well connected with Tharsis by water ways. In the mountains of Andalusia there were also silver and gold. In Iberia was the only deposit of tin in the Mediterranean area and besides this Tharsis was able to block the way to the tin-mines of South-Britannia. With a suitable fleet of war-ships and branches in the eastern Mediterranean area , which could control the delivery from the mountains of Iran and by water-way of the Danube from Central Europe, it could take the tin- and with that the bronze monopoly of the western world of that time.
And Tharsis did so and grew more and more rich. For it was interested in an undisturbed commerce, which was the basis of its wealth, it built up large troops and a big fleet of (following Platon) 1200 war ships. With these 50-rowers, known for their speed, in slim construction with steep pulled up bow and sharp spur for ramming it controlled the whole Mediterranean, looked for undisturbed free commerce and gave a golden time period to the Mediterranean area, the Bronze Age.
This new archaeological period of time began in the Mediterranean Sea about 3000 B.C. with the first scientifically proved utilization of bronze in the Aegean Sea. Alloys of copper, which contained arsenic, were produced in Central Asia since several hundreds of years, but the discovery of tin-bronze, an alloy of copper and nearly 10% tin, with standing out metallurgical qualities as strength and resistance against corrosion, happened elsewhere. Many speaks in this point for Iberia, where all necessary raw materials and also the knowledge of production and processing of metal was available.
You can hardly imagine, that man of that day, without foreign help and instruction, had the idea to seek in the mountains for certain stones, from which he could win metals, which he did not know, under use of strong heat and mix with certain other materials. There must have been, at least in the beginning, an initial instruction. A further initial instruction was necessary to find that alloy, which had best possible technological qualities.
You must always keep in mind, that man of that time had no idea of chemistry and no metallurgical knowledge at all. He was therefore not able to win by consideration or aimed experiments a metal from its in nature occurring compounds, except, someone gave the exact recipe to him. He could not understand this recipe, but he could use it and by its use and the more or less good results he could learn further possible improvements.
With these facts it is obvious, that there must have been help from extraterrestrial side, except this knowledge of production and processing of metals came from the more than 10000 years lasting history of Atlantis I. For 10000 years were possibly enough time for the without doubt technically talented Atlanteans to make such revolutionary discoveries.
If this help
came from gods, as the myths tell, or extraterrestrial higher developed
civilizations, as some think nowadays, or from the legendary with gods
cooperating ancestors of the Atlanteans, is still resting open. For an own
evolution of experience, the short time of maximal two thousand years for the
almost simultaneous introduction of metals into history was never sufficient.
This shows once more, that the so-called "exact-sciences", which for a long time thought of an evolution of knowledge in processing copper, bronze and iron and called after it whole time periods, sometimes get to their borders. In this case it is surely better, to listen to the myths of nearly all civilized nations, who attribute the information about processing of metals to a god of forge and mines.
An today unquestionable fact is, that about 3000 B.C. the utilization of gold, silver, lead, copper, tin and also iron was known. Copper and tin were with utilization of additives like antimony, which makes bronze stronger and earlier melting, worked out to bronze, which is outstanding well suited to produce arms and tools by casting and forging.
Also iron and its good qualities as material for arms was already known. But it was because of its susceptibility to corrosion and difficult processing not very popular. Besides this, the better workable and good looking bronze was sufficiently available and the Atlanteans, who earned much "money" with their bronze monopoly, were not very much interested in the development and spread of iron technology.
The fate of a main
place of modern archaeology, Troja, was especially connected with the Bronze
Age. In the Aegaen Sea bronze occurs first in the proximity of the Dardanelles,
shortly after Troja was founded by the Atlantians for commerce and as strategic
The area of Troja and as well some of the islands near it had remarkable deposits of gold, silver, copper and also low quantities of tin.
Therefore they were important areas for the metal interests of the Atlanteans and were early seized by them. For example, the gold deposits of the island of Thasos were long before the foundation of Troja exploited by the Atlanteans (13). But the metal of fate for Troja was obviously bronze. Not only that the Atlantian and classical Troja and the Bronze Age began at the same time, it ended also simultaneously. Troja was obviously a production and trading center of tin-bronze and lost its importance after the fall of the Atlantian empire and its monopoly of bronze.
This important position of Troja explains much better the costly raid of the Greek to Troja, which found its way into literature as "The Trojanic War", than the robbery of "Bel Helene" which was probably invented by Homer or founded in the history of robbery of Greek women by the at Troja settling Atlantians, as Herodot tells.
For tin-bronze got to a scarce commodity in the Mediterranean area after the natural desaster of 1250 B.C., which lead to the destruction of Tharsis. This is written on tiles, which were found in Achaic-Greek palaces. Because bronze was an important material for arms and the Greek supposed big stocks of it at Troja, a raid for it seemed to be lucrative. As history showed, it was not as supposed. The inner quarrels of the achaic countries after disappearance of the Atlantian order and the following campaign of revenge of the "Sea-People" destroyed the Achaic Greek world and with it the whole culture.
With the rich copper deposits of Cyprus was inevitable given the expansion of the Atlantean area to the eastern Mediterranean. With it were very early seized the at the opposite mainland situated places with ports Tyrus, Ugarit and Sidon. Later on followed several smaller ones as Atlantean area of settlement and influence. The here growing population, which is called Kanaanean was therefore always more or less living in Atlantian way. The tin deposits in the mountains of Armenia and Iran arouse also early the interest of the Atlanteans and lead again and again to settlement of Atlantian people in this area.
To connect the
eastern Mediterranean with the western by safe sea-ways were founded branches
at Malta , Crete, Thera and at the south coast of Italy and Sicilia. Malta,
Crete and Thera came very soon completely under Atlantean influence and got the
first right branches with Atlantian culture.
Cyprus and Iberia wer the most important suppliers of copper in the Mediterranean and Atlantic area. The until today known mining areas for tin are Czechia, Portugal, Romania, Iberia, Armenia, Iran and Cornwall. Iberia and Cornwall were safe in Atlantean hands. Troja controlled the entrance to the Black Sea and with that possible supply coming from Romania and Czechia by Danube and Black Sea. With that Troja had a similar importance for the tin coming from the Danube as Tharsis for the tin coming from the Atlantic. The tin delivery from the mountains of Armenia and Iran were controlled by Kanaan. With these conditions there was no obstacle against the creating of an Atlantian bronze monopoly.
While the culture at
the Greek mainland, which was not contacted by the Atlantean aspiration to
power rested at a level not much impressing, was made at for the Atlantian
commerce important other places outstanding cultural and economic progress. So
the since long time existing and flowering rural community at Crete developed
in course of the 20th century B.C. by the Atlantian metal commerce to a society
of great luxury. It came to an until than not attained architecture with
elaborated open palaces, that reflected the princely rule.
The most famous palace, large 19000 m2 was created at Knossos, but also at Phaistos and Mallia were residences of the upper class nearly as famous.
Joined with these palaces were gigantic storage complexes for oil, cereal and wine and it is probable, that Crete was at that time the arsenal of the land- and seaforces , which were stationed in the eastern Mediterranean.
At all these places had been important settlements before, which were now favoured by the economic upswing, so that some old established family and also some newcomer, coming with commerce into the country, got a high degree of prosperity.
The palaces were
excellent arranged structures with a rectangular central courtyard and detached
areas for official and familiar life, for trade and religious performances and
stocks. Masterful artists decorated the palaces with marvellous frescos which
interpreted the Minoan and Atlantean lifestyle.
The enormous performances of forming art wer accompanied by raising political power and increasing wealth. Also outside of the palaces was the standard of living high. This we can see in urban waste water systems and streets plastered with cobblestones.
Although the Minoan
culture at Crete was on no account monotonous or uniform, the style of life
seems not to be changed in the run of time. The reason for this stability of
culture and of religious customs in all states of the Atlantean world is
probably to find in the fact, that religion and culture were no own production
in big parts. They were given to the Atlantians at the foundation of their
state by their ancestors and at least by an extraterrestrial High-Culture. The
Atlantians were always conscious of that and therefore nobody risked to change
anything of it.
If the base of Crete was used in the about 2000 B.C. beginning activities of conquest and settlement of Atlantean groups in the eastern Mediterranean area, is not known. But there was certainly a bigger war quarrel at that time. The report, that found Solon in Egypt told of a campaign of Atlanteans which should subjugate, following the opinion of the Egyptians, the whole eastern Mediterranean. But it failed, because of the enraged resistance of the Greeks, especially the Athenians.
The campaign of the Hyksos at Egypt about 1780 B.C., which lead to a conquest and an 130 years lasting foreign rule over the Mediterranean part of Egypt could have been the historically known effect of this war to Egypt. The "Hyksos" were called in Egypt "chiefs of the foreign countries" and imported a new technic of battle: Horses with chariots. A technic, which was typical for Atlantean forces (see Platon).
For the Hyksos were obviously task forces operating under "chiefs" without a central leader, their action is typical for the at that time by the Atlantians used manner of spreading, which was not supported by the central power of Tharsis. Also in other Asian states we can see, that they operated there in the same style.
After the eruption of the volcano at Thera about 1650 B.C. became wide agriculturally used areas of Crete infertile by salinization of the soil by the "Tsunami" (sea-wave) and the poisonous rain of volcano-ashes produced by the eruption. For the base of Atlantean life was always an excellent organized agriculture and cattle breeding, Crete lost its importance.
Certainly not without armed force was therefore conquered the southern part of Greece and became the country of the "Achaeans". This armed penetration into a country, which was already used by others enforced the animosity of the Greeks against the Atlantians. This lead later to the war of Troja and much later to the hundreds of years lasting quarrels between Greece and the Atlantian succession states Phoenicia and Carthago.
The most important
foundations of the Atlanteans in Greece were Mykene and
. Mykene und Tyrins
Besides that, there was a number of towns in which metal working and production of ceramic reached a high level.
Although they belonged to the Atlantian empire at its mighty times, there was probably a certain opposition. A main cause of offence was certainly the dominance of the Atlantian branch Troja, which controlled the commerce of metals and gave the base of the Atlantean fleet which controlled the Aegaean Sea.
But this control of their economical and political activities, which was naturally combined with certain charges, pleased not much the Achaeans, who liked their freedom and their wealth and beneath the surface, which was kept quiet by Atlantean control, this was making seethe.
It is necessary to see, that the majority of the Achaean kings and princes had emigrated from the Atlantian central state to live more independent at Greece. Some of them were even exiled because of their unruliness. Now they had again the yoke in the neck, which was probably not so pressing as in the center, but enough pressing to induce some and the other to go East to Anatolia, Kanaan or to the mountains of Armenia or Iran, where he could still make his luck in independence.
The Minoic and also the following Achaic wealth had developed from a carefully structured, culturally strengthened and highly specialized society with reliable relations of commerce. The raw materials as the manufactured products were transported over sea and political private enterprises or even revolutions as disruptions of the commerce by private operations had possibly caused a domino-effect with dramatic consequences for the whole Atlantian economy.
This was very good known at the Atlantean center and with their strong and fast fleet they took care, that every possible troublemaker was quickly brought back to common sense. There was not much space in this stable system for the private initiative of chiefs or princes.
The fleet that guaranteed order was supported by a number of ports which were later, when times got more agitated, were transformed into strong fortresses. In this number were certainly Malta, Troja and Tyrus. In addition there were fortified places of commerce where the local element was well represented as Tyrins, Ugarit, Sidon and other primary at the Greek and Phoenician coast situated places.
Recordings which were found in Hattusa (D) are telling of efforts to set also foot at the coast of Asia Minor at Milet. The here resident Karers and later on the Hittites prevented such attempts. On the other hand was Cyprus as principal supplier of copper for bronze as long in Atlantean and later on in Phoenician hand till the classical strengthened Greece took it away from them.
Read to this in English: The History of Atlantis, the forgotten Origin of our Culture By Karl Juergen Hepke
Or as a book in German language:
GESCHICHTE VON ATLANTIS, der vergessene Ursprung unserer Kultur
by Karl Juergen Hepke
TRIGA-DER VERLAG, D 63584 Gruendau-Rothenbergen, Germany, 2nd Edition, Hardcover, 268 Pages, EUR 22,00, ISBN 978-3-89774-539-1 ,