Megaliths, Magical Stone Circles,
Menhirs and Dolmen (17)
by Karl Juergen Hepke
When in the year 1937 the
Scotsman J.Foster Forbes maintained in a B.B.C
broadcasting serie about the prehistoric Britannia, the architects of the
megalithic monuments in Northern Europe had been
surviving people of Atlantis, he caused in the circles of the officially
recognized prehistoric experts considerable sensation. But it was not only this
assertion, because Forbes, who possessed as real Highlander and with that as
direct descendant of the Atlantians, the second sight, made further clear ,
that these stone settings were not only used for astronomical purposes and
calculations but over that as receiving stations for direct influence of
heavenly constellations and that especially at determined times of the year.
They enabled the Atlantian caste of priests the
practice of by them mastered elementary sciences, which allowed
them to control weather and seasons and to make use of the spiritual energy of
sun, moon and stars. The rocks of quartz for example, which are found in many
stone circles were built in to absorb the magnetic currents of earth and the
vital energy, which was so contracted, could have been conserved in especially
placed stones, as the rock of Dartmoor.
With that, nowadays for us hidden knowledge of these and
other things joined with spirituality and piety, created the caste of priests
the conditions and the atmosphere for a golden age, lasting for thousands of
years, in which mankind developed from primitive hunting and collecting to the
mental and cultural developed man of the Atlantian Empire.
To similar results as Forbes came the professional
archaeologist T.C.Lethbridge, who was employee of the archaeological museum of Cambridge. After his
retirement in 1957 he added a new dimension to methods of prehistoric studies
with the use of dowsing rod and pendulum. He found , that with this method
things could be dated and sometimes something of its purpose could be
discovered. In course of his work, which lead to many publications, he removed
from the orthodox view of his guild and came to a world of new spiritual
experience. (Today historians and
archaeologists have many options besides publication to present their work.
Communication experts and Sampson
Communication consultants would recommend using websites and online videos
to reach as many people as possible.)
After his opinion the megalithic stone circles and
alignements served as help for navigation of extraterrestrial visitors and was
with that in accordance with the opinions of Erich von Däniken, with whom he
cooperated, what caused at his former guild colleagues a cry of horror. At the
attempt to date the stone circle of Merry-Maidens by help of pendulum he and
his wife received strong electric shocks. He supposed, that this in the stones
conserved energy came from people, who had danced in a circle round the stones.
He was not the first who was at the traces of the secrets of the stones.
Already in 1939 the trustee of British and Roman antiquities at the British
Museum , Reginald Smith, had published a paper, in which he claimed that all
stone circles and prehistoric graves in hills were built at centers of strong
electricity, which could scent every dowser himself. Some years before, his
French colleagues Merle and Giot had published similar findings from Carnac in Britanny. The
dynamic qualities of megalithic places are until now again and again confirmed
by dowsers as by technical devices.
But there are more interesting aspects of megalithic stone
settings. The best known is that of an astronomical observatory and the most
standing out and best known representative is the observatory of Stonehenge in Cornwall in Great Britain. Cornwall had a big roll in
the Atlantian Empire, for it was the origin of big transports of tin, which
gave reason for the wealth and the political and military power of the
Atlantian Empire. Much "money" came to Great Britain and it became in
course of development of the Atlantian Empire a preferred place of settlement for
the Atlantians. For it possessed two traditionally in the Atlantian Empire high
estimated advantages. It was an island and offered with that safety against
enemies from the outside and it possessed good areas for breeding of cattle.
Combined with that is also to see the development of
Stonehenge, which grow from a simple observatory to a high complicated
building, which fascinates still men of today and became in the western world a
symbol for the forces which have determined the beginning of cultivated mankind.
A part of it is also the Atlantian Empire and the after its sinking long
preserved knowledge of its priests, who were later on called in Great-Britain
When today the people of Amesbury near Stonehenge come together in
the morning of the longest day of the year to see the sun rising behind the
Helstone, they make this from old tradition. For as long as you can think, men
have done this. Today they are again in partnership with the members of the
order of druids, which, after many hundreds of years of suppression by Romans
and Christians, in the time of Enlightenment in the 18th century gradual
returned to life. But this with big reductions, for the initially extensive
knowledge of the druids, which , to avoid misuse ,was only passed by word of
mouth, was lost to big parts in the time of suppression and pursuit and has to
be laboriously reconstructed by the new druids from the conserved rests.
So in the year 1740 A.C. the druidic reformer Reverend
William Stukeley detected, that the central axis of Stonehenge and the entrance
that lead away from it, points exactly to the North West where the sun
rises at the longest day. He quoted Plutarch and other classical authorities
who reported the old practice, to align temples to the sun rising of the midsummerday.
Taking as basis the direction of the central axis he calculated that the
druidic architects had used the magnetic compass and with calculation of the
alteration of magnetic deviation in the course of centuries he found out as
time of creation of Stonehenge the time of 460 B.C.
With that he was better as his predecessors who had
dated it in the time of the Romans, to whom everything old was attributed in
the time of absolut mental rule of the Christian church. Obviously its
representatives tried to make not existing all what happened before the Romans
to make it forgotten for the people. This way of acting was successful for
several centuries and would further determine our thinking if not in men the
knowledge of the old cultures was conserved and science had found new methods
of time fixing which can correct these misinterpretations.
Also the further entrance, which turns to South East
after 500 m , was closer examined by Stukeley and he detected, that it was
exactly leading to a hill, rising behind the mountain crest of Haradon Hill. In
the morning of the 11. May 1724 he stood at this Haradon Hill and saw that the
plain behind the hills was so lightened by the shine of the sun that the hills
before it looked like suspended on flames. With that he was one of the first,
who discovered, that important buildings of the Atlantians were built in
respect to the country side and the heavenly bodies , with which he proved,
that the priests of the Atlantians - as the Chinese, by whom this science is
handed over to today - mastered the science of Geomanty or Feng-shui, as it is
called in China.
A contemporary of him was John Wood, Architect in Bath, who had standing
out qualities in high imagination and land surveying. He discovered that the
druidic temple of Bath was so
constructed that each noticeable place in the countryside was set into a sacred
relationship to it. The seven hills of Bath were dedicated
each to a celestial body, in the center was the temple and the university of
priests. John Wood pointed out in his work" Choir Gavre, generally called Stonehenge" , that was
published in 1747 that the number and order of the stones represented
astronomical cycles. This was supported by later authors.
So published in 1770 Dr. John Smith his work
"Choir Gawr, the big planetarium of the old druids, called
Stonehenge" in which he demonstrated further astronomical dates and rules,
that he had detected. The Irish General Valencey made a lot more progress. In
his 1798 published work "Oriental Collections" he compared the
druidic astronomical system with that of the Indians and Chaldaeans and
detected astonishing accordances, obviously not knowing, that he was at the
same track, that of the old Atlantians and their rooms of settlement. Similar
it was with his contemporary Maurice, who came in an article published in
"Indian Antiquities" to comparable results.
Godfrey Higgins published in the year 1829 for the
first time an estimate of the age of Stonehenge based on
astronomical considerations and came to a date of origin of nearly 4000 B.C..
With the knowledge of today this can be true. His colleague Wansey acknowledged
the " for observation of the heavenly body best location of
Stonehenge" and the knowledge of druids, Bramahns and Chaldaeans and came
to the conclusion, that an experienced Bramahn, as latest surviving
representative of the old knowledge, could certainly discern much more of the
sense and purpose of the construction than a normal mortal.
Im spite of all counterargument the official opinion
got through that Stonehenge had something to do with the
stars. The published details however were still disputed. The attitude of
science can at least be summarized in the words of a further author, the
Reverend E. Duke, who said:" The astronomy appears here early as a science
and those who built these constructions possessed a knowledge to which we
should persist in respect and admiration."
In the year 1901 the important astronomer and
scientist Sir Norman Lockyer concerned himself with Stonehenge, after he had
before measured Egyptian temples. He had found confirmed that the temples were
so constructed that at its laying of the foundation the axis of the temple laid
exactly in direction to the rising assigned star. These stars, from which
Lockyer found eight, were in the Egyptian religion assigned to a certain god,
to whom was also consecrated the temple, as was shown by existing inscriptions.
Therefore it was possible to conclude from the axis of the temple and the
knowledge of the to it belonging star the year of foundation of the temple. In
some cases he succeeded in proving this theory, in others it was impossible to
identify the belonging star.
With this knowledge Lockyer began the measuring of Stonehenge and detected,
that the year of foundation could be the year 1820 B.C.. But it was necessary
to let a tolerance of + - 200 years because by modifications of the stones
their original assignment was not certain. Measuring by radiocarbon in times of
today have confirmed this date. Also seen from the history of the Atlantian
Empire this would have been a convenient date for the foundation of a big plant
of temples at the "Kassiteric Islands", how they
were called in that time.
But for the purpose of agricultural economy one
astronomical and meteorological center was not sufficient. The distances and
the corresponding time delay for making the announcement were too big.
Therefore there were in many parts of the Atlantian empire more simple
astronomical constructions, with the help of which the seasons and the time for
sowing and harvest and other important dates could be fixed. Of them is
preserved in the area of the British islands a big number, often in a relativ
good state. To them are belonging: The Drumbeg stone circle in the district of
York, Callanish at the Hebrids, the Tregeseal stone circle near St. Just,
Castle Rigg near Keswick in Cumberland, the Boscawen-un circle near Lands End
in Cornwall and many others.
At the examination for special dates often was found,
that in addition to summer and winter solstice also days in May and November
were marked. It is probable that with them were marked dates for festivities to
the beginning and the end of the rural year, which were certainly consecrated
to certain gods. Also in Stonehenge were found markings for these days and it
is certain, that they were there long time before the markings of the
solstices, so that the date of 4000 B.C., which was named by Higgins, is really
possible for the beginning of the plant.
But not only stone circles were used for the fixing of
important dates. Often it was sufficient to use from a stone a second point of
bearing in the countryside, for example the top of a mountain or a rock. Was
this point not existing in natural form, so at plains or hills without striking
structure, a second stone was erected in large distance. A third and fourth in
other direction marked further dates. Because these stones were very important
they were erected at places which were detected by priests as especially good
If this happened in an area good settled and wealthy, these stones were often
very big and corresponding heavy. In Brittany and in Vendee in France are Menhirs, how
they are called there, of a height of seven meters and more no rare occurrence.
These stones , which are mainly made from granite, were transported often over
many kilometers. Mostly they have a to the upper side narrowing form and a
semicircular head or a rounded down top to make easier an exact bearing. In
this context it is interesting, that in the old Kanaan the god was worshiped in
a stone, narrowing to the upper side like a Menhir in the described form. That
with that often were created forms of a Phallus, was perhaps a side effect,
perhaps intended. The cult of fertility plaid certainly a big role in the
mainly rural orientated Atlantian economy. Also in later celtic times the
Menhirs were often respected as symbols of fertility and visited corresponding.
Young women, dancing round a menhir, were however for
many Christian zealots and moralizers a heathen atrocity. They turned down the
menhirs, buried or shattered them. Only the biggest and most heavy resisted to
the attempts of destruction. Therefore it is today often a hard task, to find
out the system in that they had been erected. With its turning down and new
erection in recent times the original position is often restored not exactly.
This is partly attribute to the fact, that for a long time and often still
existing, not was known, how important was just this point. So exists still the
situation, that an especially imposing menhir is taken from its original place
in the field, where it hinders modern farming with big machines, and is placed
at the edge of the field or in a park in front of the town hall. A modern
sacrilege by ignorance.
Similar outrages were made to the graves of big stones or dolmen, how they are
called in France. This, although
they were known as graves for long times. But because they were "heathen
and not consecrated" the respect to them was not very big. Also in times
of today, where farmers are owners of strong technical device, are these
graves, positioned in the field and hindering farming, destroyed. The stones
are buried or deposited in tangled pile at the edge of the field. Also for
these graves is lost the original place, which was chosen by the priests under
certain aspects. These aspects are today not known by us, but we have still the
feeler for them. For even men of today feel, when they visit these places if it
is original or only ersatz. For only the original place is surrounded by the
magic, that is performed by unconsciously felt forces of nature and the
But often the visitor of these prehistoric places is
obstructed by cordoning and fences to perceive this magic. So today the big
plants of Carnac in South Brittany are only seen
from far away. These plants, the origin and use of which was often discussed
until now, were used as places of meeting of inhabitants of the Atlantian
Empire at the coasts of the Atlantic, the North Sea and perhaps of delegations
from areas of the Baltic Sea.
These plants are oriented with their lines of stones
to a circle of stones, a so called "cromlech" in the middle of which
lies a big stone as altar. This altar stone is so positioned that behind it
sinks the sun at certain days in May. As known from British old stone circles, these
days were special days of festival in rural life of the Atlantians.
The seed was brought in, the sun of May produced first
days of summer and it was time to ask gods for a good growth and flourishing
and a good harvest and to make sacrifices to them. But also the fertility of
the people was considered. At the big meeting were met new people, arranged
marriages and children fathered, who were born before the beginning of the new
rural year and were accompanied in their first months of living by the rising
sun. This rhythm of live was known by the farmers and cattle breeders from
their animals and brought from experience best results. Ceremonial rites and
sacrifices in front of the sinking sun brought the right mood for the following
banquet and offering of mutual sense of belonging.
South Brittany had best
conditions for such a meeting at this time of the year. The wide areas of heath
without forest gave place to a gigantic crowd. Flat and deep into the land
penetrating bays of the sea kept without problems a large lot of boats. The peninsula of Quiberon gave protection
against the big waves of the Atlantic and the Morbihan
"the little sea" was a natural harbour for thousands of boats. With
it came the central position with same distance to Danmark and South Iberia. No planner of
today could find or create a better fitting place for an event like this.
And so were built at this place, probably one after
the other to fit the growing crowd, the gigantic alignements. In rows of
thousands of meters erected the families, instructed by the planning priests,
their stones. At the front and in the middle, at places with best sight, were
the big, old and mighty families contending in size and beauty of their stones.
To the end and at the sides became stones more and more little and unimportant
corresponding to the social position of their owners.
All that had a style and a logic and documents a
closeness to forces of nature which is not reached by plants of today. Each
knew, where he was belonging to. There was no crush, no lack of parkings and
everybody could move between the happenings and found back to his people and
One can easily discern, that here was available a
mental capacity, which can compete with that of men of today. It is only
desirable, that wrongly understood necessity of protection leads not further to
actions, which hinder by fences men of today to visit these signifying places
of our past. For only one , who, probably at a misty morning in May,
experiences Carnac without fences in its
original form, will feel in his inner the meaning of this place and emotion
will seize him, like that, which seizes him when he enters a cathedral. Also
the cathedrals were mostly built at places which were shrines in Atlantian
times and the form of the gothic cathedral , created in northern France, had its model
obviously in the old places of ritual worship. The choir is corresponding to
the cromlech, the altar is at the same place and the rows of pillars are
corresponding to the rows of stones of alignements.
Very little known are also the megalithic places of Spain and Portugal. For who knows,
that the origin of megalithic culture is scientifically proved in the South of
Iberia. So many visitors of Seville, Cordoba and Granada do not see the
very old town of Antequera without knowing,
that there are buildings, which have a much more meaning for them than the
creations of the Moors, how lovely they may be. These are the buildings of
their ancestors, who have proved here about 2000 B.C. in the impressing
countryside of the crossing from the Andalusian plain to the mountains of Malaga, that they were
able to do more than hunting with arrow and bow for wild animals.
In Antequera there are the most signifying megalithic
dolmen of the prehistoric world, which can definitely compete with the graves
of kings of Egypt. So lies at the
exit of the town to Granada an artificial
hill that contains two graves with corridor. The bigger one, the Cueva de Menga
is 25m long, 2,7m high and has a width of 6,5m at its maximum.
The walls at the side and the ceiling are made from rectangular stone slabs,
that are added one to another nearly without gaps. In the middle of the
corridor three mighty rectangular pillars are supporting the gigantic stone
slabs of the ceiling from which the biggest has a weight of 180 tons. This and
the others are brought from a distance of at least 1 Km. This happened about
2500 B.C. at the same time, when in Egypt were built the
pyramids in a similar megalithic technic. It is interesting, that the entrance
of the main grave is oriented to a separat impressing mountain, dominating the
countryside. Nature offered her in natural manner that, what in the desert of Egypt had to be
artificially and laboriously in form of pyramids. In the same hill is a small
grave with corridor, the Cueva de Viera, which was probably made for the
members of the family of the king.
A little bit mor away, at the road to Malaga is a further grave
with hill, the Cueva de Romeral, which is dated for 1800 B.C. It is built in
masterly form in an obvious more new technic, which you can find also in
West-France in a more simple form. The walls of the side are here made from
exactly piled up, easy to handle small stone slabs and only the ceiling is made
from big stone slabs. Behind the corridor is although waiting a special
delicacy for the visitor interested in development of architecture and culture.
The corridor is leading into two big perfectly circular constructed rooms with
vault, which are built in the very old technic of the vault with protruding
stones finished with large stone slab as cover.
Everything is made so exactly and masterly that it has
overcome 3800 years and certainly several big earthquakes without big damage.
The use of a circular vault with middle opening is especially interesting here,
because normally the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul is respected as
mother of all circular vaults which was followed by San Marco in Venice and the churches
of Cahors and Perigeux in the South of France. All these churches are lying in
a former area of settlement of the Goths, who have also proved in Verona and Ravenna that they had a
particular liking for circular vaults. Because the Goths were also Atlantians
and obviously not the badest representatives of this imaginative and skilful
nation the circular vault can have migrated from Iberia to South Russia and than back
Also in Almeria, the most Eastern
town of Andalusia, are found many
traces from prehistoric times. The area of the harbour is today built with
plants from modern times but 26 Km northern lies the excavation area of Los
Millares at a hill above the Rio Andarax. It has the for that time considerable
size of a small town of today and is formed for a big part by caves. The
fortified settlement is old more than 4000 years and the place of origin of the
famous bell formed tumbler, that gave the name to a epoch of culture of Middle-
Europe. A lot of further places of finds in the province of Almeria shows, that this
area, now nearly desert, was densely settled in the Neolithic period. Many of
the settlements are situated in the proximity of former rich ore deposits of
silver and gold and the material for the production of bronze (El Argar culture).
The area of Evora in South Portugal is also rich in
megalithic monuments. Here is situated a place of ritual worship, remembering
the alignements of France but smaller than
in Brittany, with cromlech, altar-stone
and rows of stones. The finds in these places of South Iberia are clearly
pointing out, that between 4000 and 2000 B.C. the center of European culture
and with that the center of the Atlantian Empire was situated in South Iberia
and that from here knowledge and culture was spreading over the countries of
North- and Middle Europe and the Mediterranean.
Read to this in English: The History of Atlantis, the forgotten Origin of our
Culture By Karl
Or as a book in German language:
GESCHICHTE VON ATLANTIS, der vergessene Ursprung unserer Kultur
by Karl Juergen Hepke
VERLAG, D 63584 Gruendau-Rothenbergen, Germany, 2nd Edition, Hardcover, 268
Pages, EUR 22,00, ISBN 978-3-89774-539-1 ,